Sunburn occurs quickly under certain conditions such as in the tropical places, at the beach, resulting from too much sun exposure especially if you are not wearing any protection.

What are the signs and symptoms?

Mild:
- skin redness and warmth
- pain
- itchiness

Severe:
- skin redness and blistering
- pain and tingling
- swelling
- headache
- nausea
- fever and chills
- dizziness

When you are out in the sun, the full degree of sunburn does not show until several hours of exposure.

What to do if you get sunburned?

  • One of the most convenient ways is to cool down the affected area with water. Immerse in cool water or cold packs for at least 20 minutes. Avoid applying ice directly to the skin
  • Aloe vera gel provides immediate relief to minor sunburn
  • Take aspirin to relieve pain and reduce swelling
  • Wear loose clothing and allow your skin to heal and breathe
  • Keep yourself hydrated
  • Severe sunburn requires medical attention

And remember, avoiding sunburn in the first place is better than having to treat its effects.

Prevention:

  • Limit your exposure to 20 minutes a day
  • Avoid being out in the sun around 10 am to 4 pm when the sun's rays are most intense
  • Use sunscreen liberally and reapply after swimming or every 2 hours
Sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 30